Graphite Vs Steel Shaft: Which Is Better To Buy?

A golfer is holding a clubing and figuring out which shaft is it - graphite or steel

No matter your experience level, picking the right set of irons with graphite or steel shafts can be difficult. Here, we explore the similarities and differences between them to help you make an informed decision.

Golf shafts play an important role in the game of golf, as they are integral to accuracy and distance. With so many choices available on the market, choosing between graphite vs steel shaft can be challenging. 

Graphite shafts offer more flexibility and lighter weight than steel but may not be as strong or durable. Ultimately, which option is best for you depends on many other factors.

I. The difference: graphite vs steel shaft

There are two types of golf shafts to choose from- steel or graphite shafts. Both graphite and steel shafts come with unique features, benefits, and drawbacks.

However, to select the best golf shaft for your needs, you should know the differences and how they can affect your game.

Graphite vs Steel Shaft - Difference Explained

1. Weight

Graphite iron shafts are lighter than steel iron shafts, which makes them easier to swing. This is beneficial for golfers who have slower swing speeds. On average, graphite shafts’ weight ranges from 60-70 grams, whereas steel shafts are heavier and weigh about 90-130 grams.

2. Feel 

Feel is another decision-making factor when it comes to graphite vs. steel shafts. Graphite shafts tend to have a comfortable feel, while steel shafts can be stiffer or more solid. However, steel shafts offer more feedback to the golfer than graphite shafts.

3. Flex point

Shaft flex is a measure of how much the shaft bends when hit. Graphite shafts are usually more flexible, which can help improve your ball launch and spin. On the other hand, steel shafts are typically stiffer and offer more stability and control.

4. Torque

“Torque” is a golf shaft term that refers to how much the shaft will twist during the golf swing. And it is measured in degrees. A graphite shaft has 1-8 degrees of torque, while a steel shaft has 1-3 degrees of torque. Generally, fast swingers prefer steel shafts with lower torque because they offer more stability and control during the swing.

5. Performance

Performance of the graphite and steel shafts will vary based on the individual golfer’s swing speed, strength, and playing style. However, graphite shafts provide more distance, and have a smoother and more comfortable feel, while steel shafts vibrate more upon impact with the golf ball.

6. Durability

Durability is another factor to consider when choosing graphite vs. steel shafts. Graphite shafts are more flexible and can bend or break with repeated shots. However, with advancements in technology, graphite shafts are now more durable than ever. On the other hand, steel shafts are durable and last longer but can be susceptible to rust.

II. Similarities between the steel and graphite shafts

Like differences, graphite and steel shafts also share a few similarities. Here are a few similarities between graphite and steel shafts:

  • Both graphite and steel shafts are available in a range of kick points.
  • All levels of golfers can use graphite and steel shafts.
  • Both graphite and steel shafts are available in a variety of lengths and weights.

III. Why picking the right shaft is important for your game?

A right shaft makes a huge difference in your game. Here is how a right shaft can help you to improve your game:

  • Helps you to hit the ball farther, straighter, and with more control.
  • Helps to create an optimal launch angle and spin rate for better accuracy.
  • Helps reduce fatigue,  allowing you to play longer and more consistently.
  • Helps to maximize clubhead speed for maximum distance.

IV. Who should use steel golf shafts?

Here is a list of people who should consider steel golf shafts:

  1. Golfers with slower swing speeds.
  2. Golfers who prefer a firmer feel and more feedback.
  3. Golfers who need more stability and control during their swing.

V. Who should use graphite golf shafts?

Here is a list of golfers who should consider graphite golf shafts:

  1. Beginner and high-handicap golfers who want to generate more swing speed
  2. Golfers who need a higher launch angle
  3. Golfers who prefer a smoother feel
  4. Golfers with neck, shoulder, and back problems who need lighter clubs.

VI. Pros and cons of graphite and steel shafts

Here is a quick glance at the pros and cons of graphite vs. steel shaft:


Graphite shaftsSteel shafts
Lighter and easier to swingAffordable 
More club speedAccuracy 
Creates more spinBetter feedback 
Higher ball flightDurable 


Graphite shaftsSteel shafts
Not suitable for fast swingersStiffer grip 
Comparitvely less durable Difficulty in releasing the golf club

VII. Which type of shaft should beginners use?

Lighter graphite shafts are ideal for beginner golfers. Although a graphite shaft is expensive, it is the best choice for beginners due to its lightweight and flexible nature. Graphite shafts help beginner golfers to generate more clubhead speed, which eventually results in more distance. 

VIII. Shaft type for different golf clubs

Different types golf clubs require different types of shafts. Here is a list of shaft types for different golf clubs:

1. Shaft type for irons

For high handicaps and beginner golfers, graphite iron shafts are recommended. For low handicap and scratch golfers, a steel shaft can be a great option.

2. Shaft type for drivers

Unless you have extra speed, graphite shafts are recommended for drivers. As drivers are typically designed to hit the ball farther, graphite shafts can help to generate more clubhead speed and achieve the desired distance.

3. Shaft type for fairway woods

Golfers use fairway woods to strike the ball over great distances. Thus, graphite shafts are preferred over steel to meet the swing speed and launch speed requirements.

4. Shaft type for wedges

Wedges are used for shorter and more accurate shots. As steel shafts provide control and accuracy, steel shafts are recommended for wedges.

5. Shaft type for putters

Putters are used for short and low-speed strokes in golf. Thus, steel shafts are recommended for putters to achieve a consistent and smooth stroke.


The right shaft can help you to enhance your performance and improve accuracy. Both graphite and steel shafts come with pros and cons. Ultimately, the choice between graphite and steel shafts depends on a golfer’s swing speed, feel preferences, budget, and other factors.

Similar Posts